After a critical analysis, “Dejection: an Ode” is determined as a conversational poem by S T Coleridge. Conversational poems are those in which a poet imagines a listener in front of him. He imagines that a listener is listening to his hue and cry or whatever his stance is. No conversation takes place between a poet and the listener even though a poet establishes a relationship. These kinds of poems are not purely different from soliloquies or monologues. The only difference is of an imaginary listener.
As a result of critical analysis, “Dejection: an Ode” has been put in the category of conversational poems but it is not the only conversational poem of S T Coleridge. He wrote many other poems with the same style and attitude.
Critical Analysis of “Dejection: an Ode”:
A keen critical analysis of “Dejection: an Ode” depicts the personal problems of the poet. He starts it with the description of a night scene. The weather is very much clear. Cool wind is blowing. He is enjoying the beauty of nature. The full moon increases his happiness. Suddenly, he realises he is going to have terrible weather. He is expecting a storm, which will destroy the beauty of the night. A melancholic tune is being played due to aeolian.
It seems that the poet is not in an imaginative world. He creates realistic imagery, full of music and euphony. A sudden change in his feelings due to stormy weather creates a sense of grief. In fact, it overpowers him. He wants silence. He is greatly disturbed by the terrific stormy weather. He also gives its description in various lines. Thick rain showers make him sad.
He was expecting new inspiration from changing weather but depression overwhelmed him. He wants to utter his problems but feels that his tongue is seized. He finds no words to express his feelings. No suitable word comes to his mind. It seems that he himself is not sure about his problem. He feels that he is in grave danger but does not know the reason behind it. He knows that he is in pain but is unable to express it. He tries to gather suitable words to express his grief so that he can share his problems. He can’t translate his feelings. The following lines demonstrate his unexplainable grief.
A grief without a pang, void, dark, and drear,
A stifled, drowsy, unimpassioned grief,
Which finds no natural outlet, no relief,
In word, or sigh, or tear—
Critical mum tragedy can be witnessed in an analysis of the above lines of “Dejection: an Ode”.
Finally, he speaks about his problem. It is related to creative imagination. He feels that he is losing it. His feelings for the beauty of nature have died and he is no more able to find beauty in natural objects. Everything is the same except his vision. It is fading day by day.
In this poem, S T Coleridge talks about his poetic faculty. He and John Keats both wrote “dejections” because they felt that they lost their poetic spirit. They know the importance of imagination in a romantic poet’s life. Every romantic poet is dependent on his power of imagination. Loss of creativity is irreparable.
The description of clear weather is a symbol of the poet’s creative powers. The full moon, beautiful sky and cool wind symbolise for bright imagination of the poet but stormy weather is a symbol of threat. He says that clouds, moon, wind, trees, plants and flowers are the same but his senses do not respond to them. Starting lines of the poem signify the early days of his life. He remembers those days when he possessed good vision. Stormy weather on the opposite is a symbol of the poet’s insensitiveness.
Nature is beautiful but there is no beauty in flowers and birds for a sick person. Poetry is nothing without imagination. It cannot be felt without strong imagination nor can it be written. Not everyone can write poetry, conveys S T Coleridge in this ode. His feelings for nature are going to die and without them, he will not be able to feel beauty in nature. It is, therefore, he laments his loss.
The poem is highly ironic. Poet, on the one hand, is sad due to his loss but on the other hand, minutely paints nature with imagination throughout the whole poem. He cries that he is no more a poet due to which his condition is critical yet he opposes his own analysis in “Dejection: an Ode” as it is one of his best poems. Perhaps, he mourns on his future and the poem is about upcoming disasters.
He then talks about the importance of natural joy. Man possesses feelings and emotions and imagination is a method to change them. A depressed person may find peace in an imaginative world. Similarly, a person may become sad after imagining the hard days of his life. Imagination is a precious thing for everyone, especially for poets. Aristotle mentioned strong grounds in defence of poetry. “Imitation” is the most important thing in his eyes. A poet always imitates things. Imitation is only possible if a person has a good imagination. When a poet loses it the world becomes barren for him.
Critical analysis of the barren world is also noticed in “Dejection: an Ode”. S T Coleridge does not want to see the barren world, therefore, he bewails on the loss of his poetic faculty. He remembers his old days when his power was good enough to feel joy in every natural object. Indeed, those days were the most beautiful days of his life. He was hopeful. He could handle his depression with his imaginative powers. “Whence Fancy made me dreams of happiness” suggests that he was happily living a life of dreams.
The sad tune on the Aeolian lute refers gloomy mood of the poet. He is rebuking the storm because he is playing a melancholic tune in the month of April. He says that it should play a romantic and cheerful tune these days. Symbolically, the poet’s mood is sad. He is hearing the tune in his imagination. His heart is depressed; therefore, the tune is sad. The condition of the poet is very painful. He cites the tragic tale of Lucy Gray, who went to find his mother in a storm with a lantern in her hand but lost her way. Eventually, she fell from a bridge and died. This story relates to the miserable condition of the poet. He resists but ultimately he surrenders. He gives up on his imagination.
In the last lines of the poem, he prays for his beloved. May she never share his dejection. May she never lose his imagination. May she never wake up at night and lament. May her condition never become so miserable. May she find peace in natural objects. May she find beauty in nature. With a lot of prayers, he ends the poem after wishing her eternal happiness.
It is calculated from the critical analysis of “Dejection: an Ode” that the poem is an amazing piece of literature. It strengthens the God-gifted creativity of S T Coleridge. Simultaneously, it is ironic. The poet mourns his loss. He feels that he has lost his poetic genius even then the poem is a masterpiece. He cries about the most valuable thing in life. He possesses a precious thing viz. imagination. It helped him gain fame. It also gave him pleasure. Besides, it helped him alter his mood; therefore, he felt dejected after the loss of the most valuable thing in his life.
- Write a critical analysis of “Dejection: an Ode” by S T Coleridge.