Novel was already developed to the extent that people were well aware with the long narrated story, therefore, they build their taste and started reading it. In the 19th Contrary, when Jane Austen was on the go to write novels, the condition of this literary form was much down. The novels, even in 19th century, were required to be transfigured and for this purpose Jane Austen showed her talent in this field. Although novels were being written by different writers but they were not enough for the taste of people. The same story with different aspects was being described by the writers. Moreover, most of the stories were based on exaggeration, therefore, they were far from the reality.Romanticism was at the peak and utopian world was being presented in the stories. The topics, which were discussed in the novels were; violence, heroes and also the fairy tales. Jane Austen improved the taste of people as she wrote novels on realism of content. Although, she did not get fame immediately yet her contribution to English novel was remarkable and many of the modern novelists, in their writing style, had followed her. Thus, it is not wrong to say that she had given a way to modern novelists regarding scripting novels on reality, love, money and marriage. Few of her characteristic are mention here in order to establish his position in modern times:-
One of the prominent technique, which is also favorite of many personalities, is the technique of irony, used by the writer. “Sense and sensibility” and “Pride and Prejudice” are extraordinary examples of the technique of irony. Even, the starting of “Pride and Prejudice” is ironical when she in very first lines of the novel states that “A single man in possession of………”. She used irony to create humor and for the purpose of satire. Irony of Jane Austen can be divided into different forms. For instance, verbal irony and situational irony. The difference between, what is seen or written and reality creates amusement and pleasure. It also fulfill the purpose of satirizing the society. Some examples from “Pride and Prejudice” are required to be quoted. Apart from the starting, Elizabeth’s remarks are also ironical when she says that she is not the girl, who first says no and they yes to a marriage proposal as she first rejects the proposal of Mr. Darcy and then accepts it. Mr. Darcy’s remakes about Elizabeth that she is not handsome enough to tempt him are also ironical because he is greatly attracted towards her. In this situation, irony is the best characteristic, which influenced the modern writers and none can surpass him in her style of versatile ironical representation.
The themes of Jane Austen are also universal and even in modern times have the same impact on society. Love has vastly been defined by her. Every novel of the writer has this common theme. No one can define love as Jane Austen has defined. She has discussed that true love can be acquired after struggling and difficulties. Marriages have been solemnized in the novels of Jane Austen. The happy ending of the novels in form of marriages gives satisfaction to the readers. Problem of money and the relation between marriage and money is also the concerned topic of the novels of Jane Austen. Examples of Mr. Wickham and Lydia, Mr. Collins and Charlotte Lucas from “Pride and Prejudice’ are enough to define the concept that marriage is dependent on money and also the vice versa.Class-consciousness is also mutual thematic concept of her novels. When Lydia elopes with Mr. Collins, the matter of respect has been took and discussed very seriously by the writer.However, because of the time and again debate of these themes in every novel, she has been criticized as a writer having limited scope but it can never be ignored that these themes are universal in every society and thus required to be discussed.It is also the reason that her position is still strong even in modern times because of the universality of the themes in every society in modern times.
Time has its own essence and change is the law of nature though human nature has not been changed so far. Jane Austen widely discussed the human nature in every novel. She has knowledge of human follies as well as awareness of customs of the society. She, through her novels wants to give awareness to the people so that they can know how to react on a specific event. She is keen observer and a good reformer. Mrs. Bennet’s follies, Miss Binglay’s snobbery, Mr. Bennet’s insensitive remakes about her daughter, Mr. Collins attitude, Lydia’s childish nature are evident that Jane Austen knows human nature and a minute spectator. As human nature has not been changed so far and Jane Austen vividly discussed it, therefore, it also strengthen the stance of writer in modern times.
In addition, moralizing the society is also an impressive factor of Jane Austen. Many of the critics have praised her because of presentation of morality in her novels. She gives lesson to every reader. Her satire may be cynical but it is for the welfare of folks. Young generation can get wisdom by reading her novels. Thus, the ingredient of morality also gives this writer a long age.
With these observations, it can be adjudged that Jane Austen is a true novelist of every time. She has chosen such topics, which were not even thought at that time and are still fresh today. Centuries have been lapsed but her position is still strong enough to discuss her as a pure novelist. Her writing style, her themes, her social satire and her moralization are being followed even by the modern writers and people still have interest in these topics. It keeps the work of Jane Austen fresh in each culture. She is different from common writers. Her position can be faded but can never be underestimated. She was a skillful writer and different from writers of his era. Even today, she is different from many of the writers, which place her among the category of best authors of all times.