Geoffrey Chaucer belongs to medieval era and can only be called representative of his age if genial representation of medieval life is found in his poetry.
Symbols of Heart of Darkness have more than one meaning such as fog and color symbolism are for evil and Congo River symbolize for death.
"Love and Marriage" is common theme of Austen's novels. "Pride and Prejudice" is a clear representation of theme of "love and marriage".
"The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales" shows Chaucer's exceptional art of characterization. Marvelous art of characterization represents Chaucer's whole era
Existentialism deals with individual existence, freedom and choice. "Waiting for Godot" shows it and is called play that advocates theory of existentialism.
Work that deals with theory of existentialism comes in the category of "existentialist literature". Existentialism is added in literature to show existence.
Mr. Darcy has been demonstrated as true friend, loving brother and considerate master in "Pride and Prejudice". He shows Austen's art of characterization.
Samuel Beckett had largest contribution in "Absurd Theater". His play "Waiting for Godot" also belonged to the same category and was called an absurd play.